From speeding fines determined by your income to 35 years in jail for injuring someone in a highway construction zone, traffic laws vary significantly around the world — and even within Canada.
Drivers In : Ontario, Prince Edward Island,Newfoundland and Labrador,Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Alberta, Saskatchewan, British Columbia,Manitoba,Nunavut,Northwest who are convicted of driving 50 km/h or more above the speed limit face a maximum fine of $25,000 (after having their car impounded for a week).
The legal limit for Blood Alcohol Content is 0.08 (Section 253(b) of the Criminal Code). However, all provinces, with the exception of Quebec, also have sanctions for drivers who register a BAC of 0.05 to 0.08 (Saskatchewan starts at 0:04) plus all provinces have varying BAC restrictions for novice and young drivers.
Police are authorized to stop vehicles if they have grounds to suspect the driver has been drinking, to demand roadside physical sobriety tests and a breath sample on a roadside screening device, and subsequently to demand bodily substance samples.
For drivers suspected of drug-driving who fail the standardized roadside field sobriety test and a subsequent evaluation by a Drug Recognition Expert, a saliva, urine or blood sample can be demanded.
When stopped by police, drivers must produce their licence, vehicle registration and proof of insurance.
DISTRACTED DRIVING LAWS
All provinces and territories have distracted driving laws. Most prohibit use of hand-held cell phones, electronic communication devices and entertainment video displays. Alberta also specifically forbids grooming, writing and reading while driving.
In Ontario, there is a $1550 fine bbut no demerit points. Nova Scotians receive a $1640.50 ticket for a first offence and up to a $3370 ticket for subsequent offences. In Saskatchewan, the ticket is for $2800 and they tack on a $6000 victims’ surcharge and 4 demerit points.
New drivers must first display a red L (learner) sign, then a green N (novice) sign in the rear window (inside or outside) or elsewhere outside the vehicle, at the back. Motorcyclists must have it on the rear of their machine or on the back of their clothing.
Drivers aged 80 years and over must renew their licence every 2 years and complete a vision test, a multiple-choice rules of the road/signs test and a Group Education Session.
Doubles fines (but not demerits) for offences in community safety zones and construction zones when workers are present.
Motorists can be fined $7,500 and jailed for up to 15 years for killing or injuring a worker in a construction zone.